Friday, 9 October 2009

Is The Bible Authoritative?

Is the Bible authoritative; can we use it to guide and direct our lives telling us how to behave?

Earlier in this series I’ve pointed out that I don’t believe that the Bible is The Word of God, I don’t believe it’s literally true or infallible and that there are doubts about whether the Old Testament we use today is identical to the books that Jesus would have called scripture. In light of this you may realise that I have a problem treating the Bible, as it stands, as authoritative.

In the past I have had 2 Timothy 3:16 quoted at me as proof that scripture was authoritative but let’s look at what it actually says:

All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness

Notice scripture is described as “useful” and not authoritative but, oddly, I think this is only part of the story. To explain I want to look at another, longer passage, from Luke 24.

Now on that same day two of them were going to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem, and talking with each other about all these things that had happened. While they were talking and discussing, Jesus himself came near and went with them, but their eyes were kept from recognizing him. And he said to them, ‘What are you discussing with each other while you walk along?’ They stood still, looking sad. Then one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answered him, ‘Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem who does not know the things that have taken place there in these days?’ He asked them, ‘What things?’ They replied, ‘The things about Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, and how our chief priests and leaders handed him over to be condemned to death and crucified him. But we had hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things took place. Moreover, some women of our group astounded us. They were at the tomb early this morning, and when they did not find his body there, they came back and told us that they had indeed seen a vision of angels who said that he was alive. Some of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but they did not see him.’ Then he said to them, ‘Oh, how foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have declared! Was it not necessary that the Messiah should suffer these things and then enter into his glory?’ Then beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them the things about himself in all the scriptures.
As they came near the village to which they were going, he walked ahead as if he were going on. But they urged him strongly, saying, ‘Stay with us, because it is almost evening and the day is now nearly over.’ So he went in to stay with them. When he was at the table with them, he took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. Then their eyes were opened, and they recognized him; and he vanished from their sight. They said to each other, ‘Were not our hearts burning within us while he was talking to us on the road, while he was opening the scriptures to us?’

There are so many things that can be said about this passage but I want to pick out two important verses: “Then beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them the things about himself in all the scriptures.” and “‘Were not our hearts burning within us while he was talking to us on the road, while he was opening the scriptures to us?’” It seems to me that the scriptures came alive when Jesus explained how they pointed to Him and that in that very act the power of the scriptures was released so that Cleopas and his colleague (Mrs Cleopas?) said that their hearts were “burning” while this happened. I believe that something similar should happen to us today if we read the Bible as pointing to Jesus under the influence of the Holy Spirit.

Authoritative? Yes and no. No - in itself the Bible is not authoritative. Yes – by the power of the Holy Spirit the Bible can point us to Jesus who is the ultimate authority. In a way it’s like the bracelets that my children used to wear with WWJD on them; read properly Bible asks us “What Would Jesus Do?”

I believe that God the Holy Spirit can speak to us through the Bible in ways we cannot understand or foretell, surprising us and pointing us to Jesus, God in human form, and guiding us to live our lives like His. It is the book God intended us to have telling the story of His relationship with the Jews leading up to the climatic moment of the crucifixion. In view of this I believe that reading and studying the Bible are an important part of the Christian life.


Juie said...

I hope you believe some of its literally true!

Sabio Lantz said...

Wow, it must be nice that your fellow Christians are praying for you.

I liked your writing, but imagine that Jesus had indeed surprised his disciples and just died. Later the story, rewritten (+30 years)as many cults do, puts a spin on it. I think it would sound just like the passage you quoted.

They obviously missed the guy. Some made him into a heaven-lifted messiah (Matthew), and some even into a god (John).

Still Breathing said...

OK - Much too long in responding but here goes:

Juie (Julie by any chance?) - Yes in retrospect I should have had an 'all' in that sentence but that, in itself, asks more questions - which bits are literally true and which aren't.

Sabio - Thank you for your comment. The important point is that the Christian message (although not called that by then) spread around the eastern Mediterranean and as far as Rome in less than 30 years. You then have to ask why those early disciples were prepared to die for the belief that Jesus rose from the dead. they couldn't have behaved as they did if they weren't sure Jesus had risen and conquered death.

Sabio Lantz said...

Your comment offered two pieces of evidence. I think they are mistaken for the reasons below:

1) Lots of people have died for their leaders. Jim Jones Massacre in Guayan and many other cults. Of course thousands and thousands die for military leaders voluntarily also. But we have lots of examples of people dying for religious leaders -- Mohammed, Joseph Smith and many more.
So I don't think you want that argument.

2) We also have lots of examples of cultish religions spreading wide over 30 years. I don't think you want that argument either.

Now, I am not saying Jesus did not rise from the dead. I am just saying that the evidence you present does not help your argument at all.

Here is the refutal of other resurrection arguments.